Baki Urmanche was born on February, 23 1897 in Kul-Cherken village, Buinsk district in Tatarstan. He grew up in a big (large) family. Since childhood he suffered hardship and difficulties.
He spent his adolescence in Kazan. He moved to Kazan with his parents in 1907. A little boy felt environmental beauty. He began to paint and to sculpture. He studied in "Muhammadiya". He was fond of foreign languages and poetry. He was impressed by Gabdulla Tukai. Urmanche always remembered his poems. Urmanche couldn't pass entrance examinations in Kazan Artist school, so in 1914 he began to work as a loader in the Urals and after that in Siberia. He was mobilized in the army in 1916. Violin, pencil and water-color were always with him.
Revolution was like bright flags, a great number of meetings for B. Urmanche. He was involved in revolutionary life.
In 1918 Kazan Art school was reformed and became "Free art workshops" and in 1919 he became a student. It was his cherished dream. The beginning of the study was a critical moment in his life. He studied sculpture with G. I. Kozlov, painting with V. K. Timofeev, drawing with N. S. Shikalov. His life was very changeable in that time. In 1920 he was detached in Moscow VHUTEMAS. He studied on two faculties. He studied sculpture in Golubkina's workshop and drawing with A. Shevchenko. He began to study in institute of oriental studies, where he improved his foreign languages such as Arabic, Turkish, Persian, and begin to study western-east languages. Urmanche returned to Kazan in 1926, where he was a teacher in Kazan Artist secondary school. He took part in reconstruction of Kazan Art school. The arts and crafts faculty was opened with his help. His searches was connected with incarnation of (?) national themes in painting. The spectrum of his work is very wide. He worked in drawing, etching, illustration. He tried to restore ceramic production in Kazan. His successful work was interrupted in 1929. He was arrested and exiled to the Soloveckie Islands. In 1933 he was exempted ahead of time, has come on short time in Kazan and left for Moscow. Urmanche was included in creative life of Moscow, participated in the First All-Russia exhibition of the young artists. The graphic products, exposed by him were noticed and appreciated by an art public of capital.. Urmanche became the member of the Moscow branch of Union of the artists.
In 1937-1941 years he was engaged in the creative tasks on decorating an All-Union agricultural exhibition (VSHV). The artist carries out a number of sculptural works, reliefs for the Main pavilion on themes of animal industries and agriculture. The work on VSHV brought satisfaction, he worked with the most outstanding foremen of the Soviet art, with Deineiko Goncharov, Nisskii, Pimenov. In 1940 the artist carried out a list of an outside surface of a drum of a dome of pavilion of the Bashkir republic.. Urmanche has managed to find the expressive decision, in which basis the idea of a round dance laid.
In 1941 he was invited in Alma-Ata. The committee on realization of 100-years Abai's anniversary charged to him works on painting and drawing. Alma-Ata became a city, with which he communicated life and creative. Kazakhstan and Central Asian period of his life lasted till 1958.
In 1946 the governmental decree " Minus 39" leaves, on which all repressive had not the right to live at the certain amount of cities. The years of wanderings on Central Asia begin. Within twelve years Baki Urmanche lived in Samarkand, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, Balkhash. He has brought the powerful contribution to formation of national fine art of these peoples.
In 1958 became the most significant memorable mark in Urmanche's creative destiny. After a long-term break B. Urmanche moves in Kazan to a constant residence. At this time there was already sixty years old. Behind his shoulders there were many years of creative activity intense art searches, deep meditations about life and art laid.
There was a remarkable art heritage after him. The people of Tatarstan carefully revere the memory of the man who made whole epoch in the development of art culture of the tatar people. He died in the age of 93 years, August 6, 1990. He was fully exonerated. He was buried on the Tatar cemetery.
From Novitski's book "Baki Urmanche".
Dear friends! We plan to publish parts of Novitski's book on the pages of our site in future. We also will be grateful to everyone, who will give us any materials about life and creativity Baki Urmanche for publication them on a site of museum.