Clouds’ cooling effect could vanish in a warmer world
High concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide can result in the dispersal of cloud banks that reflect roughly 30% of the sunlight that hits them.Low-lying cloud banks off the coast of California, Peru and Namibia are some of the planet’s most effective cooling systems, because they reflect sunlight back into space. But new climate simulations show that increasing carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere could break up these cloud layers and exacerbate future warming.
The CRISPR-baby scandal: what’s next for human gene-editing
As concerns surge after a bombshell revelation, here are four questions about this fast-moving field.In the three months since He Jiankui announced the birth of twin girls with edited genomes, the questions facing the scientific community have grown knottier.
The working group for the development of the “Strategy for Development of the Tatar People” has included more than 50 scientists and public figures.
The composition of the working group on the development of the “Strategy for the Development of the Tatar People” became known. It includes more than 50 scientists, public and religious figures, including from abroad, as well as officials. The working group on the preparation of the strategy was expected to be headed by Chairman of the national council of Milli Schura, vice-premier of the republic Vasil Shayhraziev.
Violent drug cartels stifle Mexican science
Abandoned projects and delayed research have become common problems as security issues crop up across the country.
A new type of blood vessel has been found in our bonesIt’s time to rewrite the anatomy books: a new kind of blood vessel has been discovered in our bones.
Nizhnekamskneftekhim PJSC establishes its own production of methanolTAIF PSC have signed contracts with the Danish company Haldor Topsoe and NIIK JSC, the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, for the construction of a new methanol production facility with a capacity of 500,000 tonnes a year.
Egypt and Pakistan had highest rise in research output in 2018
Global production of scientific papers hit an all-time high this year, estimates show, with emerging economies rising fastest.
Humans May Reverse a 50 Million Year Climate Trend After Just Two Centuries
50 million years ago, the world started cooling. The industrial revolution marked the beginning of the end of this climate trend.
Scientist doubts Solar Cycle 25 will ravage GPS-dependent economyThe peak of new solar activity, the 25th since the observations began, will fall on 2022-2023, Yuri Nagovitsyn, senior researcher from Pulkovo Observatory in St. Petersburg told TASS on Tuesday.
Russian Arctic may become home to new astronomical observatoriesMoscow Institute of Physics and Technology is considering to build an observation base in Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The Russian Arctic, which is becoming more accessible thanks to global warming, can be convenient for astroclimate studies, space object observations and even greenhouse gas monitoring
Designer baby steps: World’s first ‘gene-edited’ children born in ChinaTwin girls have been born in China after their genes were edited to resist the HIV virus, a first for humankind, a Chinese geneticist claims.
China's ‘One Belt, One Road’ global investment plan mapped out
From 3 to 5 November 2018, Vice-President of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences Vadim Khomenko participated in the International Scientific Forum on the Belt and Road Initiative, which was held in Beijing.
This year marks the fifth anniversary of the Belt and Road initiative, proposed by Chinese authorities in the autumn of 2013. The ambitious project is aimed at creating infrastructure networks linking Europe, Asia and Africa.
''Flying Tatar man'' lands near theatre.
A monument to Rudolf Nuriyev opened in Kazan
A monument to Rudolf Nuriyev by Zurab Tsereteli opened near the Musa Dzhalil Opera and Ballet Theatre in Kazan. The author deliberately arrived in Kazan for several hours to be present in the ceremony and then visited Red Gates / Upstream interregional exhibition contest.
Genetically engineered viruses may become the next generation of warfare
Many technologies have dual use potential and can be applied to either civilian or defense projects, depending on the intent of those in charge.
German rocket technology led to the creation of V2 ballistic missiles in WW2 and later enabled the US to launch space exploration missions in the latter half of the 20th century. The technology also helped the US develop its own ballistic missile program.
TAIF and Toyo Engineering plan to produce methanol
TAIF Group of Companies and Toyo Engineering Corporation, which is part of Mitsui Group financial and industrial holding, have had long and trusting relations. The Japanese company took part in the design and supply of equipment for the Heavy Residues High Conversion Complex at TAIF-NK PJSC. Its technologies were used in the construction of the fourth stage of the polystyrene plant at Nizhnekamskneftekhim. A new joint project of TAIF and Toyo is also linked with NKNKH: the company plans to participate in the isoprene rubber plant's modernisation.
Russia’s oil output still has opportunities to growHowever, the country needs to overcome a number of obstacles to increasing production
Higher efficiency, more persistent government regulation and intensive competition may help the Russian oil industry further increase its production capacity. Although some analysts foresee an upcoming decline in Russia's oil production, such critical forecasts were not justified in the past.
Virus detectives test whole-body scans in search of HIV's hiding places
To prevent the virus from rebounding after drug therapy, researchers must first map where it lurks in the body.Antiretroviral drugs have transformed HIV infection from a death sentence to a chronic condition for many people who carry the virus. But because HIV never truly leaves the body, the virus rebounds rapidly if patients stop taking the drugs for even a short time.
Dolphins have unique whistles for their friendsIn the animal kingdom it’s common for creatures in the same social circles to adopt similar calls. For years researchers assumed dolphins did the same.
Scientists are seriously worried that smallpox will be weaponizedScientists are worried that new technology may give people the ability to bring back smallpox - the virus that killed hundreds of millions of people before it was eradicated in 1980 - and use it as a weapon.
Russian researchers develop a new method of oil well equipment testing
A new method for diagnosing drilling rigs for oil production can replace traditional testing technologies, which are nowadays often ineffective due to the use of modern materials. The technology is likely to get a direct practical application in industry, as it may help the Russian energy industry increase efficiency and safety of operations.