08.08.2019

‘Mosaic’ HIV vaccine to be tested in thousands of people across the world

‘Mosaic’ HIV vaccine to be tested in thousands of people across the world.

An experimental HIV vaccine that targets more strains of the virus than any other developed so far will start a late-stage clinical trial later this year. The ‘mosaic’ vaccine, which incorporates genetic material from HIV strains from around the world, also seems to have the longest-lasting effects of any others tested in people.

26.07.2019

Supermassive black hole puts Einstein’s theory to the test

Supermassive black hole puts Einstein’s theory to the test.

Decades of data from the Milky Way’s black hole bear out predictions of general relativity. Hawaii’s Keck telescopes pierce the sky with lasers that help to correct for atmospheric blurring. A new analysis of data from Keck and other observatories lends credence to general relativity.

02.07.2019

Metabolic signal curbs cancer-cell migration

Metabolic signal curbs cancer-cell migration

Metastasis, the migration of tumour cells from their primary site, is associated with poor prognosis. A molecule made during cell metabolism limits metastasis, revealing that this metabolite restrains cancer progression.

18.06.2019

Tatarstan has regained its leading position, which it was holding for three consecutive years until 2018

Best for business: Tatarstan tops regional investment climate rating, second only to Moscow Tatarstan has regained its leading position, which it was holding for three consecutive years until 2018

Tatarstan has climbed from the third to second position in the national ranking of 2019 by investment climate. Thus, the Republic of Tatarstan is ahead of all Russian regions in this indicator, not counting Moscow, which is the first. The third — Tyumen Oblast.

03.06.2019

Blood stem cells produced in vast quantities in the lab

Blood stem cells produced in vast quantities in the lab.

Researchers have managed to grow large numbers of blood-forming stem cells in the lab using a surprisingly simple ingredient found in glue. And when injected into mice, the cells started producing key components of blood.

11.04.2019

Black hole pictured for first time

Black hole pictured for first time — in spectacular detail

The Event Horizon Telescope’s global network of radio dishes has produced the first-ever direct image of a black hole and its event horizon.

05.04.2019

Tree sleuths are using DNA tests and machine vision to crack timber crimes

Tree sleuths are using DNA tests and machine vision to crack timber crimes. Scientists are optimistic that innovative techniques can pinpoint the true origin of timber.

When 420 tonnes of deep crimson logs arrived at a Sri Lankan port in April 2014, customs officers cast a suspicious eye over them. The wood was en route from Zanzibar in Tanzania to Hong Kong, where it would probably be crafted into expensive furniture for the Chinese market. However, a tip-off from international police organization Interpol alerted Sri Lankan officials to the fact that the 3,669 rosewood logs were from Madagascar, which had banned such exports in 2010.

25.03.2019

Alpine tundra releases long-frozen CO2 to the atmosphere, exacerbating climate warming

Alpine tundra releases long-frozen CO2 to the atmosphere, exacerbating climate warming

Thawing permafrost in high-altitude mountain ecosystems may be a stealthy, underexplored contributor to atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions, new University of Colorado Boulder research shows.

19.03.2019

WHO panel weighs in on CRISPR-babies debate

World Health Organization panel weighs in on CRISPR-babies debate

Advisory committee calls for a global registry of studies that involve editing the human genome.

The World Health Organization (WHO) should create a global registry of studies that involve editing the human genome, and research funders and publishers should require scientists to participate in it, a group advising the WHO said on 19 March.

28.02.2019

Clouds’ cooling effect could vanish in a warmer world

Clouds’ cooling effect could vanish in a warmer world

High concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide can result in the dispersal of cloud banks that reflect roughly 30% of the sunlight that hits them.

Low-lying cloud banks off the coast of California, Peru and Namibia are some of the planet’s most effective cooling systems, because they reflect sunlight back into space. But new climate simulations show that increasing carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere could break up these cloud layers and exacerbate future warming.

27.02.2019

The CRISPR-baby scandal: what’s next for human gene-editing

The CRISPR-baby scandal: what’s next for human gene-editing

As concerns surge after a bombshell revelation, here are four questions about this fast-moving field.

In the three months since He Jiankui announced the birth of twin girls with edited genomes, the questions facing the scientific community have grown knottier.

13.02.2019

“Strategy for  Development of the Tatar People

The working group for the development of the “Strategy for Development of the Tatar People” has included more than 50 scientists and public figures.

The composition of the working group on the development of the “Strategy for the Development of the Tatar People” became known. It includes more than 50 scientists, public and religious figures, including from abroad, as well as officials. The working group on the preparation of the strategy was expected to be headed by Chairman of the national council of Milli Schura, vice-premier of the republic Vasil Shayhraziev.

12.02.2019

Violent drug cartels stifle Mexican science

Violent drug cartels stifle Mexican science

Abandoned projects and delayed research have become common problems as security issues crop up across the country.

For astronomers at the Large Millimeter Telescope in Mexico's Puebla state, the new year began with disturbing news. Their work probing the formation and evolution of stars, planets, black holes and galaxies had been put on hold until further notice, after a spike in drug-cartel activity around Sierra Negra — the extinct volcano that hosts the telescope. The final straw came in December, when one of the facility’s employees was carjacked. Officials at the observatory — which is funded by the Mexican government and the University of Massachusetts Amherst — decided that it was no longer safe for people to go to work.

23.01.2019

A new type of blood vessel has been found in our bones

A new type of blood vessel has been found in our bones

It’s time to rewrite the anatomy books: a new kind of blood vessel has been discovered in our bones.

22.01.2019

Nizhnekamskneftekhim PJSC establishes its own production of methanol

Nizhnekamskneftekhim PJSC establishes its own production of methanol

TAIF PSC have signed contracts with the Danish company Haldor Topsoe and NIIK JSC, the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, for the construction of a new methanol production facility with a capacity of 500,000 tonnes a year.

25.12.2018

Egypt and Pakistan had highest rise in research output in 2018

Egypt and Pakistan had highest rise in research output in 2018

Global production of scientific papers hit an all-time high this year, estimates show, with emerging economies rising fastest.

13.12.2018

Humans May Reverse a 50 Million Year Climate Trend After Just Two Centuries

Humans May Reverse a 50 Million Year Climate Trend After Just Two Centuries

50 million years ago, the world started cooling. The industrial revolution marked the beginning of the end of this climate trend.

05.12.2018

Scientist doubts Solar Cycle 25 will ravage GPS-dependent economy

Scientist doubts Solar Cycle 25 will ravage GPS-dependent economy

The peak of new solar activity, the 25th since the observations began, will fall on 2022-2023, Yuri Nagovitsyn, senior researcher from Pulkovo Observatory in St. Petersburg told TASS on Tuesday.

30.11.2018

Russian Arctic may become home to new astronomical observatories

Russian Arctic may become home to new astronomical observatories

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology is considering to build an observation base in Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The Russian Arctic, which is becoming more accessible thanks to global warming, can be convenient for astroclimate studies, space object observations and even greenhouse gas monitoring

27.11.2018

Designer baby steps: World’s first ‘gene-edited’ children born in China

Designer baby steps: World’s first ‘gene-edited’ children born in China

Twin girls have been born in China after their genes were edited to resist the HIV virus, a first for humankind, a Chinese geneticist claims.

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